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Kerguelen Islands research

Kerguelen Islands - Wikipedi

RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2014JC010061 Polar Front around the Kerguelen Islands: An up-to-date determination and associated circulation of surface/subsurface waters Young-Hyang Park 1, Isabelle Durand , Elodie Kestenare2, Gilles Rougier3, Meng Zhou4, Francesco d'Ovidio5,Cedric Cotte1, and Jae-Hak Lee The subantarctic Kerguelen Archipelago (fr. Archipel Kerguelen), located in the southern Indian Ocean approximately 3,300 km (2,051 mi.) southeast of the southern tip of Africa, is among the most isolated places on Earth (see cartographic or terrain map). Also known as the Desolation Islands, the archipelago consists of 300 islands, islets, and reefs which lie between 48° to 50°S and 68° to. Second Symposium on Kerguelen Plateau Marine Ecosystems and Fisheries, 13-15 November 2017, Hobart, Tasmania. The second Kerguelen Symposium on Marine Ecosystems and Fisheries was held in mid-November 2017. The meeting brought together more than 70 researchers studying in the Australian and French regions of the Kerguelen Plateau.

The Kerguelen archipelago (48°28′-50°S, 68°28′-70°35E) is located in the southern Indian Ocean. It includes a large and mountainous island called Grande Terre (6,500 km 2), about 1/12 of the surface of which is covered by ice. There are also over 300 secondary islands and islets The Kerguelen Islands or the Kerguelen Archipelago is a group of islands in the southern Indian Ocean. It is far far away from any civilization. It was discovered in 1772 by a French expedition, and is now a territory of France. The Kerguelen Islands are located at 49°15′S 69°35′E. The main island, Grande Terre, originally called. The Kerguelen Islands or the Kerguelen Archipelago is a group of rocky islands in the southern Indian Ocean. It is very far away from any civilization and was discovered in 1772 by a French expedition. Currently is a territory of France and is home to a weather base. The Kerguelen Islands are located at 49°15′S 69°35′E The main island of the archipelago is called La Grande Terre.It measures 150 km east to west and 120 km north to south. The main base, the so-called capital of the islands, is Port-aux-Français, located along the eastern shore of Grande Terre. Overall, the glaciers of the Kerguelen Islands 's ice cap cover just over 500 km². The islands are treeless, with scarce vegetation, but in spite of. Archive Document, 1998 New taste sensations from the 'down-under' islands . Some people get the interesting jobs. When the Australian National Botanic Gardens (ANBG) in Canberra collected some edible plants from Heard and Macquarie Islands, (described in article1 and article 2 of this series) someone had to taste them.. The job fell to a trained tasting panel at the Department of Food Science.

Kerguelen Islands - NAS

  1. Sir Douglas Mawson's British-Australian-New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE), in the RRS Discovery, visited Kerguelen between 12-24 November 1929 and again between 8-20 February 1930. Edgar Aubert de La Rüe, in the Austral , conducted geological surveys of Kerguelen in 1928, returning in 1930-1931
  2. The lowest recorded temperature was −9.5 °C (14.9 °F) on 11 August 2014, which beats the old record of −9.4 °C (15.1 °F) set in June 1953. The highest temperature was 23.0 °C (73.4 °F) on 30 January 1959. Climate data for Port-aux-Français, Kerguelen Islands (1981-2010 averages, extremes 1950-present) Month. Jan
  3. Joseph J. Fuller (1839-1920), originally from Danvers, Massachusetts, was a whaling and sealing captain who sailed out of New London, Connecticut, during the last half of the 19th century. He eventually specialized in the branch of this industry that hunted sea elephants for oil, principally at Heard and Kerguelen Desolation Islands in.
  4. There are no native people living in the Kerguelen Islands, but a small population of scientists, ranging from about 50 in the winter to 100 in the summer, live and conduct research in the only.
  5. The Kerguelen Plateau in the Indian Ocean is the world's longest continuously erupting supervolcano dating back into the Cretaceous, according to research published in the journal Geology. This.
  6. The Kerguelen oceanic plateau sheds light on the formation of continents. by CNRS. View of the Rallier du Baty peninsula in the vicinity of the Mont du Commandant, Kerguelen Islands. A pale.
  7. The satellite in question, Vela 6911, was over ten years old in September 1979. On the 22nd, it picked up a double flash in the South Atlantic, far, far away from any land (apart from the remote, French-owned Kerguelen Islands.) Heads were scratched on a global scale, committees were convened, much sweat poured forth.(2) Continue reading

The Kerguelen Plateau: Marine Ecosystems and Fisheries

  1. French 'to Perform Slee Ph siolo Research in the Ker uelen s n s: r. ivo ier, s.e o t e e ica to or Antarctic Exploration for the French, is planning an expe-dition to climb Mt. Ross in the Kerguelen Islands in Febru-ary 1975. The purpose is to conduct physiological research
  2. ique Besson, P.J. Nico de Bruy
  3. The Kerguelen Islands. Part of the French Antarctic territories, the Kerguelens at 49°S 69°E are in the middle of the Indian Ocean. A wild, desolate landscape that Yves-Joseph de Kerguelen de Trémarec called the Desolation Islands on 12th January 1772. On these islands, several thousand kilometres from the continents of Antarctica, Africa.
  4. (a) Deployment of device. During two consecutive summers in 2002-2003 and 2003-2004, 12 satellite relayed data loggers (SRLDs) from the Sea Mammal Research Unit (University of St Andrews, Scotland), collecting and transmitting locations, pressure, temperature and salinity (except in 2002 when only location and depth were recorded), were deployed at Kerguelen Islands
  5. ation in the Southern Ocean: birds from the Kerguelen Islands as a case study Sci Total Environ . 2013 Jun 1;454-455:141-8. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.02.060

Polar Front around the Kerguelen Islands: An up‐to‐date

Aug 11, 2016 - Explore Matt Maldre's board Kerguelen Islands, followed by 357 people on Pinterest. See more ideas about french southern and antarctic lands, kerguelen islands, antarctic The area west of the Kerguelen Islands (20-70°E/45-60°S) is characterized by a weak mesoscale activity except for a standing meander region of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) localized between 20 and 40°E. A unique bio-physical dataset at high-resolution collected by a southern elephant seal Browse 137 kerguelen islands stock photos and images available, or search for easter island or ittoqqortoormiit to find more great stock photos and pictures. Aerial view of the Kerguelen islands, French Southern and Antarctic Lands . An aerial view taken on September 5, 2012 shows the Kerguelen archipelago which forms one of the five districts. new for the Kerguelen region. The Isopoda and Gnathiida here reported were sent to us by Dr. P. M. Arnaud of the Station marine d'En-doume (Marseille, France), who collected these speci­ mens during his benthic research at Kerguelen islands in 1970. Dr. Arnaud collected samples from intertidal zon Central Kerguelen Province. The Central Kerguelen Province(50°-55°S) includes the volcanically active Heard and McDonald islands and contains a major sedimentary basin (Kerguelen-Heard Basin). Recent Ar/Ar dating of the ODP samples showed that basalts from the top of volcanic basement are Albian age (102 Ma)

Global Volcanism Program Kerguelen Island

the tephra layers from the northern Kerguelen Plateau Sites 736 and 737 were probably erupted from the nearby Ker-guelen Islands. The investigated ash layers clearly reflect the Oligocene to recent changes in the composition of the vol-canic material recorded from the Kerguelen Islands A biogeochemical study of the island mass effect in the context of the iron hypothesis: Kerguelen islands, Southern Ocean Deep-Sea Research I , 48 ( 2001 ) , pp. 163 - 187 Article Download PDF View Record in Scopus Google Schola The Kerguelen archipelago (48°28′-50°S, 68°28′-70°35E) is located in the southern Indian Ocean. It includes a large and mountainous island called Grande Terre (6,500 km 2), about 1/12 of the surface of which is covered by ice. There are also over 300 secondary islands and islets and K3}• shows, as expected, m• increasing trend of the Schmidt number exponent (that is, it becomes less negative) with increasing transfer velocities, but with value The Kerguelen Islands include various species of freshwater fish such as brown trout (Salmo trutta). These trout are among the most isolated from direct anthropogenic impact worldwide. This study was designed to analyse cadmium (Cd) and copper (Cu) concentrations in the liver of Kerguelen brown trout, and to assess the possible impacts of these metals on hepatic histopathology and oxidative.

In 1924 the French declared the Kerguelen Islands off Antarctica a National Park. Conservation Management Plan. The Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (CAMP) is an assessment tool to evaluate the status of various animals and to determine conservation priorities. Research shows that hand rearing African penguins has a significantly. Individuals measured from Kerguelen and Macquarie Islands were found to be statistically indistinguishable in this study and were different only slightly from those from South Georgia and the Falkland Islands, and therefore were also included in the nominate northern subspecies P. p. papua (Stonehouse, 1970) v French 'to Perform Slee Ph siolo Research in the Ker uelen s n s: r. ivo ier, s.e o t e e ica to or Antarctic Exploration for the French, is planning an expe- dition to climb Mt. Ross in the Kerguelen Islands in Febru- ary 1975. The purpose is to conduct physiological research during the climb

Nicknamed 'Desolation Islands', Kerguelen has only been populated since the 1950s, when French scientists and geographers set up Port-aux-Français (the one and only settlement on Kerguelen) The Kerguelen hotspot (Indian Ocean) has produced basalt for ∼130 Myr, among the longest known volcanic records from a single source. New and published 40 Ar/ 39 Ar age determinations from the Kerguelen Plateau, Broken Ridge, Rajmahal Traps, and Bunbury basalts, and of Indian and Antarctic dikes help to document the hotspot's history

Kerguelen (fransk Îles Kerguelen eller Archipel de Kerguelen, offisielt Archipel des Kerguelen eller Archipel Kerguelen), òg kjend som Desolation Islands, er ei øygruppe sør i Indiahavet som utgjer ein av to øyar på Kerguelenplatået.Øyane, i lag med Adélie Land, Crozetøyane. Île Amsterdam og Île Saint-Paul, er ein del av Dei franske sørterritoria og vart administrert som separate. PROTEKER aims at the establishment of a submarine observatory consisting of multi-disciplinary research: oceanography, habitat mapping and species inventories, genetic, eco-physiological and trophic analyses. It also aims to provide scientific standards for the management of the Kerguelen Marine Reserve The clay phases of the Quaternary volcanics, soils and sediments from the northern part of the Kerguelen-Heard Plateau, southern Indian Ocean, are essentially well-crystallized smectites. The origin of these smectites was studied based on variations in their mineralogy and their different stages of development in the different environments We have used the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to simulate the climate of the Kerguelen Islands (49° S, 69° E) and investigate its inter-annual variability. Here, we have dynamically downscaled 30 years of the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) over these islands at 3-km horizontal resolution. The model output is found to agree well with the station and radiosonde data.

ALKALINE syenites in the Rallier-du-Baty peninsula of the Kerguelen Islands 1,2 intrude and metamorphose the basaltic lava flows which constitute the major part of the islands 3.Recent work 4 has. Research article 31 Jul 2015. the spatial and temporal distribution patterns of mesozooplankton in the naturally fertilized region to the east of the Kerguelen Islands (Southern Ocean) visited at early bloom stage during the KEOPS2 survey (15 October to 20 November 2011). The aim of this study was to compare the zooplankton response in. research article Plutonic processes in transitional oceanic plateau crust: Structure, age and emplacement of the South Rallier du Baty laccolith, Kerguelen Islands Léandre Ponthu Asking for help with an essay to professionals Contributions To The Natural History Of Kerguelen Island from the portal , you are guaranteed to get the help that is necessary for you and Contributions To The Natural History Of Kerguelen Island your scientific material. English paper writing help for experienced author and copywriter is not a stumbling block B.navez. The Kerguelen Islands are a group of windswept Indian Ocean islands filled with glaciers, mountains, rocky outcrops, and vast plains of tussock grasses and mosses. With a daily mean temperature ranging from 2.1 to 8.2 ⁰C (35.8 to 46.8 ⁰F), the Kerguelen Islands are not the first choice for human settlement, but the islands are a haven for seals, albatrosses, terns, and four.

Abstract. Iron (Fe) uptake by the microbial community and the contribution of three different size fractions was determined during spring phytoplankton blooms in the naturally Fe-fertilized area off the Kerguelen Islands (KEOPS2) The island is part of the Kerguelen Plateau, which is being jointly studied by France and Australia. James Dell is a research fellow with the University of Tasmania's Institute of Marine and. In the context of the iron hypothesis, the biogeochemical characteristics of the water masses located in the N-E wake of the Kerguelen archipelago were studied in austral spring 1995 during the ANTARES 3/France JGOFS cruise. In agreement with satellite observations (CZCS and SeaWifs data), this cruise showed the surface waters in the wake of the Kerguelen archipelago to be rich in both.

The Kerguelen Islands in the middle of the South Indian Ocean are 2,050 miles (3299 km) from the coast of Madagascar and are known collectively as the Desolation Islands. Owned by France, the islands have a population of between 45 and 110 researcher inhabitants Since the 20th century, the sub-Antarctic islands have suffered an increasing number of biological invasions. Despite the large number of publications on this topic, there is a lack of knowledge on parasitism rates of invasive species and on the role of parasites and pathogens to regulate their populations. Six aphid species have been introduced in the archipelagos of Crozet (Île de la. The Kerguelen Islands rise from the southern Indian Ocean, not far from the Furious Fifties.As a result, the Kerguelens are often shrouded by clouds, making it hard for satellites to get a good look at the shrinking ice cap on the archipelago's main island, Grand Terre. There are limited in situ observations here, so without satellite images we do not have much to go on, said. In February 2007, the Iles Eparses became an integral part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands (TAAF). The Southern Lands are now divided into five administrative districts, two of which are archipelagos, Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen; the third is a district composed of two volcanic islands, Ile Saint-Paul and Ile Amsterdam; the fourth, Iles Eparses, consists of five scattered.

In supplement to: Lebouvier, M et al. (2011): The significance of the sub-Antarctic Kerguelen Islands for the assessment of the vulnerability of native communities to climate change, alien insect invasions and plant viruses CCAMLR's commitment to creating a network of MPAs . CCAMLR is an international body made up of 24 countries and the European Union, established in 1982 with the primary mission of protecting the Southern Ocean's diverse marine life Kerguelen Archipelago synonyms, Kerguelen Archipelago pronunciation, Kerguelen Archipelago translation, English dictionary definition of Kerguelen Archipelago. A French-administered island group in the southern Indian Ocean southeast of South Africa Kergulen Island synonyms, Kergulen Island pronunciation, Kergulen Island translation, English dictionary definition of Kergulen Island. A French-administered island group in the southern Indian Ocean southeast of South Africa The phylogenetic tree showed three major lineages, Kerguelen Islands, Falkland Islands, and Scotia Arc/Antartica. The five haplotype sequences of the seven captive Gentoo Penguins were classified unexpectedly to one lineage, the Scotia Arc/Antartica, which contains the nucleotide sequences derived from Southern P. papua ellsworthi

Abstract. Time series of phytoplankton biomass and taxonomic composition have been obtained for the 3 years 1992, 1993 and 1994 in the northern part of the Southern Ocean (station Kerfix, 50°40'S, 68°25;E) Autotrophic biomass was low throughout the year (<0.2 mg m −3 except during a short period in summer when a maximum of 1.2 mg chlorophyll (Chl) a m− was reached Compensatory aspects of allele diversity at immunoglobulin loci: gene correlations in rabbit populations devoid of light chain diversity (Oryctolagus cuniculus L.; Kerguelen Islands). Van der Loo W(1), Boussès P, Arthur CP, Chapuis JL. Author information: (1)Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium. wvdloo@dbmdec5.ulb.ac.b Berthier, E. et al. (2009) Ice wastage on the Kerguelen Islands (49°S, 69°E) between 1963 and 2006. Journal of Geophysical Research 114 (F3). NASA Earth Observatory (2016, December 28) Kerguelen Islands. NOAA Satellite and Information Service (2018, January 3) Clouds Break Over the Remote Kerguelen Islands. Accessed April 26, 2018

The island, famous for the native Kerguelen cabbage, is used mainly as a research station and a seal-hunting and whaling base. Kerguelen was discovered in 1772 by the French navigator Yves Joseph de Kerguélen-Trémarec, who named it Desolation Island Cite this article as: Connan M, Mayzaud P, Trouvé C, Barbraud C, Cherel Y (2008) Interannual dietary changes and demographic consequences in breeding blue petrels from Kerguelen Islands. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 373:123-135 Contributions to Contrib. Mineral Petrol. 71, 125-131 (1979) Mineralogy and Petrology 9 by Springer-Verlag 1979 A K - A r and Sr-Isotopic Study of the Volcanic Rocks of the Island of Principe, West Africa - Evidence for Mantle Heterogeneity Beneath the Gulf of Guinea H.M. Dunlop I and J.G. Fitton 2 1 Scottish Universities Research and Reactor Centre, East Kilbride,Scotland z Grant Institute of. Desolate Kerguelen Island is antipodal to an area of thinly inhabited plains on the border between the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan and the US state of Montana. The only permanent settlement on Kerguelen Island, the research station Port-aux-Français, is antipodal to fields 10 km (6.2 mi) northeast of Senate, Saskatchewan

Kerguelen Islands, French Southern and Antarctic Lands

Kerguelen saga: part deux — Sailing into the unknownBuilding realistic airport in Kerguelen islands - Scenery

Symposium — Heard Island and McDonald Island

Ecoregionalisation of the Kerguelen and Crozet islands oceanic zone. Part II: The Crozet oceanic zone @inproceedings{2016EcoregionalisationOT, title={Ecoregionalisation of the Kerguelen and Crozet islands oceanic zone. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 10.1002/2014JF003329 Figure 2. Comparisonbetween(a)aMODIS-derivedalbedomapand(b)anASTERimageoftheCookIceCap,both. Recently, longline fishing activities along the seafloor at depths of 500-2000 m off the sub-antarctic Crozet and Kerguelen islands, Indian sector of Southern Ocean, resulted in the accessory capture of tens of ziphiid fossil cranial remains

Movements and space use of feral cats in Kerguelen

Successful foraging areas of elephant seals from the Kerguelen Islands are investigated here in relation to oceanographic parameters. Movements and diving activity of the seals as well as oceanographic data were collected through a new generation of satellite relayed devices measuring and transmitting locations, pressure, temperature and salinity 3. The Kerguelen Islands in the South Indian Ocean are 2,051 miles away from the nearest populated location in Madagascar. There are no indigenous inhabitants, but France maintains a permanent presence of 45 to 100 researchers. The place is so remote, the group of 17 islands are also known as the Desolation Islands Today, my post thus focus on a research study I addressed in 2013 aiming to answer the question of physiological resistance to salinity in this invasive ground beetle. Indeed, we supposed an high physiological plasticity of this species explain in part the quick distribution of Merizodus soledadinus in the coastal areas of the Kerguelen Islands. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for TAAF 1999 - Cat Research Programme, Kerguelen Islands - Sc 251 MNH at the best online prices at eBay! Free shipping for many products

Plant — Heard Island and McDonald IslandsKing Penguins - Aptenodytes patagonicus

In addition to the Kerguelen Islands, Heard Island, Crozet Island, and other sources may have contributed to deposition of the tephras. Pleistocene tephras of exotic calc-alkaline composition are most probably derived from enhanced magmatic activity during that time span at the South Sandwich island arc This is the wind, wave and weather statistics for Port-aux-Français/Kerguelen in Kerguelen, French Southern Territories. Windfinder specializes in wind, waves, tides and weather reports & forecasts for wind related sports like kitesurfing, windsurfing, surfing, sailing or paragliding

Kerguelen - Travel guide at Wikivoyag

Obernosterer, I and Fourquez, M and Blain, S, Fe and C co-limitation of heterotrophic bacteria in the naturally fertilized region off the Kerguelen Islands, Biogeosciences, 12 pp. 1983-1992. ISSN 1726-4170 (2015) [Refereed Article Cite this article as: Cherel Y, Ducatez S, Fontaine C, Richard P, Guinet C (2008) Stable isotopes reveal the trophic position and mesopelagic fish diet of female southern elephant seals breeding on the Kerguelen Islands. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 370:239-247

Kerguelen - Wikitrave

Sampling Methods. Collections took place from the shoreline, scooping individuals from the water column of lakes, ponds and small pools using a zooplankton net at locations across sub-Antarctic islands (Crozet, Kerguelen and South Georgia), maritime Antarctic (i.e. islands at the west side of Antarctic Peninsula, South Shetland Islands and Signy Island), part of the sub-polar forest ecoregion. It lies beneath the southern Indian Ocean. Called the Kerguelen Plateau, it is one of the most remote places on Earth. The Joides Resolution, the world's largest research vessel, bored a series of holes through the undersea plateau, which is about two kilometres below the ocean surface (Kerguelen Islands) and the individuals from the stomachs of the island's birds for the same period of the year. Spatial distribution density decreases from coastal to open waters stations 122maximal density of 10 ind.m-3 in the south-west coastal stations minimal density of 0,07 ind.m-3 at the southern stations (Fig.5

Video: Ultima Thule: Kerguelen, remote but magnificent sub

New taste sensations from the 'down-under' island

French scientists use weather and other research stations on the islands. It is the purpose of this paper to report upon what the weather data from the three islands, New Amsterdam, Kerguelen, and Crozet, add to our knowledge about global climate change. _____ Temperature data from New Amsterdam (38° CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE NATURAL HISTORY OF KERGUELEN ISLAND In Connection With The United States Transit Of Venus Expedition 1874 75, History Of The Beja Tribes (Cass Library Of African Studies. General Studies,) Andrew Paul, Mice As Pets Mervin F. Roberts, Tradition Unveiled (Classic Reprint) Baden Powel Maternal allocation to growth of the pup was measured in Antarctic fur seals (Arctocephalus gazella) at the Kerguèlen Islands during the 1997 austral summer. Absolute mass gain of pups following a maternal foraging trip was independent of the sex of the pup but was positively related to foraging-trip duration and maternal length. However, daily mass gain (i.e., absolute mass gain of the pup. The French Southern and Antarctic Lands is a nickname for the Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. It is divided into 5 lands - Kerguelen, which is a group of volcanic islands located in the southern Indian Ocean, St. Paul and Amsterdam Islands, which is a group of islands in northern Kerguelen, Crozet Islands, which is located in south of Madagascar, Adelie Land, which is the. From an examination of 34 grab and dredge samples ranging from 110 m to 3584 m water depth, collected during Eltanin cruise 47 across the Kerguelen Plateau, 26 shallow-water and 35 deep-sea benthonic ostracod species have been identified. Systematic notes and illustrations of the common and some of the rare species are presented

Port-aux-Français - Wikipedi

CogniBrain is a breathtaking drug development point to conduct your pharmaceutical preformulation studies and develop new drug formulations at one-source: Pharmaceutical preformulation studies. Pre-formulation analytical studies. Formulation development services of conventional and advanced drug delivery systems. Finished product evaluation The Southern Lands consist of two archipelagos, Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen, and two volcanic islands, Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul. They have no permanent inhabitants and are visited only by researchers studying the native fauna. The Antarctic Lands portion consists of Adelie Land, a thin slice of the Antarctic continent discovered and claimed by the French in 1840, and set aside by. Read Polar Front around the Kerguelen Islands: An up‐to‐date determination and associated circulation of surface/subsurface waters, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips

Te Papa&#39;s Blog | Two days on Ile de la Possession, CrozetSouth Africa 2011Marion Dufresne II, Oceanographic Research Vessel

Marion Island's last ice age has been a topic of scientific enquiry since a research expedition discovered glacial striations in 1965.Striations are grooves eroded, or scratched, in the rock. Discover more than 500000 vessels. Dive into the FleetMon Vessel Database and search for ships from all over the world. Search by name, IMO or MMSI numbers, flag state, length and vessel type. Add the ships to My Fleet with the star symbol in order to follow them later. Benefit from data recorded in the ship wiki and share your knowledge. Heard and McDonald Islands; Heard Island Expedition 1997; Kerguelen Archipelago (Geology) Kerguelen; Kerguelen; Macquarie Island ; New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands; Hydrographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean; South Georgia; The South Atlantic and Subantarctic Islands South Georgia has an area of 1,450 square miles (3,756 square km). It is 100 miles (160 km) long and 20 miles (32 km) wide and rises to Mount Paget (9,625 feet [2,934 metres]). The island's bleak Antarctic climate, with perpetual snow covering three-fourths of the island, supports only hardy grasses and other tundra plants